Real-time monitoring systems have long been used as operational tools to collect and analyse data, as well as to ensure reliability of processes and detection of deviations from predefined thresholds. They provide key information on past and present conditions but they lack predictive capabilities for future circumstances.
Hydrological and hydraulic models are able to provide the missing component of estimating future conditions and to decrease process uncertainties. However, hydrologic and hydraulic processes are defined by complex physical laws that require high computational power, which have narrowed their application to standalone simulations for a limited type of studies.
Computation technologies are however fast advancing in terms of processing capabilities and multitasking, and the use of predictive models with real-time monitoring systems appears to be a very powerful tool from an operational point of view.
What benefits can you get?
Rainfall forecasts to simulate expected runoff and optimise storage capabilities in reservoirs.
Modelling of irrigation channels to simulate flow conditions in the scheme.
Weather forecast used to simulate optimal field irrigation.
Water quality models to simulate propagation of pollutants.
The use of powerful visualisation tools have also contributed to the constant integration of predictive models and real time monitoring in complex strategic operational systems that enhance corporate decision making by anticipating future events.